Having high cholesterol is not a good thing. It is known to cause health problems in many people. There are different types of cholesterol and you should know what type you have. You should also know how to get rid of it. There are different medications and treatments for this condition.
What is high cholesterol ?
Almost 40 percent of Americans over the age of 20 have high cholesterol. It is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. There are many ways to reduce cholesterol levels.
Cholesterol is a waxy fat-like substance found in the blood. It is necessary for many body functions such as digesting fats. It also helps to produce hormones and vitamin D.
When you have high cholesterol, it can lead to plaque building up inside arteries. Plaque can narrow arteries and cause heart attack or stroke. It can also cause changes in the arterial lining.
Some medical conditions can also increase the risk of high cholesterol. It is often caused by unhealthy diets and lifestyle choices. Smoking can raise your cholesterol level.
The best way to determine if you have high cholesterol is by having a blood test. This test will measure your total cholesterol and triglycerides. It is also a good idea to have your lipids measured by a healthcare professional.
A lipid panel test will also measure the level of HDL cholesterol. High-density lipoproteins, or HDLs, are known as “good cholesterol.” Those with low levels of HDLs are referred to as “bad cholesterol.”
This substance can be caused by genetics, family history, or unhealthy diet. Your healthcare provider can recommend a healthy diet and lifestyle changes to help you manage your cholesterol levels.
What are the types of cholesterol?
Approximately 93 million Americans over the age of 20 have high cholesterol, or hyperlipidemia. This is a major risk factor for developing heart disease.
There are two main types of cholesterol: low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL). People with high LDL cholesterol are at greater risk of developing a heart attack or stroke, and have a greater risk of developing coronary artery disease.
It is caused by eating too much saturated fat and processed foods. In addition, people may be at higher risk for developing high cholesterol due to their gender, age, and racial makeup.
High cholesterol is also associated with obesity. A healthy diet includes a variety of foods, including lean meats, fresh fruits and vegetables, and other foods low in saturated fat. These foods are low in calories and include some soluble fiber.
In addition to consuming a healthy diet, people may be able to reduce their cholesterol levels through medication and exercise. However, the best way to reduce cholesterol levels is by eating a diet that is low in saturated fat.
Why is high cholesterol bad for you?
Having high cholesterol is not necessarily a bad thing. Cholesterol is an important fatty substance that the body needs. It helps with the development of cells and hormones. However, too much of it can be detrimental to health. Keeping cholesterol levels at a healthy level is important for both prevention and treatment.
It is caused by a number of different factors. It is important to work with a healthcare provider to determine your cholesterol level and set goals for improving it. Medications and lifestyle changes can help lower your cholesterol.
It is often a result of unhealthy eating habits. Eating too many foods high in saturated fats and trans fats can increase the level of cholesterol in the blood. Choosing low-fat alternatives is a great way to lower cholesterol levels.
Smoking raises LDL cholesterol levels. Also, being overweight increases the level of triglycerides, which are fats that build up in the blood vessels. High triglyceride levels can make it harder for the blood to flow through the arteries. The build-up of plaque can block the arteries, leading to heart attack, stroke, and peripheral artery disease.
What should my cholesterol level be?
Keeping your cholesterol levels in a healthy range is vital to heart health. In fact, out of control cholesterol is one of the main risk factors for heart attacks and heart disease.
The good news is that there are ways to keep your cholesterol level within the healthy range. One of the best ways is to follow a heart-healthy lifestyle. This includes eating a diet low in saturated fats and a regular exercise program. Other ways include taking cholesterol-lowering medications or making lifestyle changes.
High cholesterol can be caused by a number of factors, including inherited conditions and unhealthy lifestyle choices. If you are concerned about your cholesterol levels, you should talk to your provider about making changes.
Your cholesterol numbers will help you understand your heart disease risk. Your healthcare provider will determine whether you need to take medications to lower your cholesterol. They will also look at other aspects of your health, including your family history.
The ideal cholesterol level for most people is less than 5 mmol/L. To determine your level, your provider will run a blood test called a lipid panel. The lipid panel test measures your total cholesterol, your HDL cholesterol, and your triglyceride levels.
What causes high cholesterol?
Having high cholesterol is a serious concern, as it is associated with an increased risk of heart disease. Untreated high cholesterol can lead to heart attack and stroke. It is also associated with atherosclerosis, a condition where fatty plaque builds up in the arteries, making it hard for blood to flow to important organs.
It is often caused by a diet high in saturated fats. Saturated fats can be found in meats, dairy products, and even processed foods. To reduce your cholesterol level, replace unhealthy fats with healthy ones. Foods containing healthy fats include avocados, nuts, olives, and cooking oils.
Another common cause of high cholesterol is lack of physical activity. Lack of physical activity lowers HDL cholesterol, which is also known as “good cholesterol.”
Smoking is also a factor. Smoking can raise LDL cholesterol, which can lead to blockages in the arteries.
If you are at high risk for a heart attack or stroke, the American Heart Association recommends that you have your cholesterol levels checked periodically. Your doctor will ask questions about your diet, medications, and your lifestyle. They will also ask about your family history.
How can I lower my cholesterol levels?
Medications are helpful in lowering cholesterol, but there are other ways to lower it. For instance, eating a heart-healthy diet is a good way to improve cholesterol levels. Keeping a regular exercise routine also helps.
Eating more fruits and vegetables also has a lot of benefits. These foods contain fiber, which helps bind dietary cholesterol and keeps it from being absorbed into the bloodstream.
Soda, candy, and other sugary drinks contribute to high cholesterol. Switching to tap water or buying sugar-free beverages can help. You can also use less-fat cooking oils when cooking.
Eating less meat is also a good idea. Fish is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which help reduce triglycerides and reduce the risk of heart disease. If you aren’t a fish fan, try brussels sprouts or kidney beans. These vegetables are also good sources of fiber.
Getting more exercise is another way to lower your cholesterol. You should aim for at least 20 minutes of aerobic activity every day. It’s a good idea to include more standing and walking activities into your daily routine.
Medications and treatments for high cholesterol
Medications and treatments for high cholesterol can lower the risk of a heart attack or stroke. There are many types of cholesterol-lowering medications, each with its own set of benefits. It is important to speak with your doctor about the medications that are right for you.
Your health care provider may prescribe a combination of medications to treat your high cholesterol. In most cases, the medication will be a statin. Statins lower LDL cholesterol and raise HDL cholesterol.
Nicotinic acid (niacin) is sometimes prescribed for patients who cannot tolerate a statin. Nicotinic acid is available in immediate-release and sustained-release formulations. It is also available as a dietary supplement in Benecol SoftGels.
Several studies have shown that a statin can lower the risk of a heart attack. A statin can also reduce the risk of a stroke. The American Heart Association recommends that you speak with your health care provider about the possible side effects of cholesterol-lowering medications.
ACL inhibitors block the production of cholesterol in the liver. ACL inhibitors are typically used in combination with other cholesterol-lowering medications.